The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is the United States Department of Transportation agency that regulates the trucking industry and bus/motor coach industry. The FMCSA holds motor carriers and drivers responsible for meeting safety standards and regulations. A big part of those safety requirements is the drug and alcohol testing program.
The FMCSA, along with the Department of Transportation (DOT), requires that individuals subject to commercial driver’s license (CDL) requirements and their employers follow drug and alcohol testing rules.
Drug testing for all DOT-regulated employers and employees is described in 49 CFR Part 40. In addition to Part 40, each agency has its own separate rules and regulations.
The rules include procedures for testing, frequency of tests, and substances tested for.
Part 382 establishes programs intended to help prevent accidents and injuries resulting from the misuse of alcohol or use of controlled substances by drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs).
All FMCSA Employers should become familiar with both Part 40 and Part 382.