New Hampshire is a declare in the New England region of the United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Gulf of Maine to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Of the 50 U.S. states, New Hampshire is the fifth smallest by Place and the tenth least populous, with slightly exceeding 1.3 million residents. Concord is the permit capital, while Manchester is the largest city. New Hampshire’s motto, “Live Free or Die”, reflects its role in the American Revolutionary War; its nickname, “The Granite State”, refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries. It is best known nationwide for holding the first primary (after the Iowa caucus) in the U.S. presidential election cycle.
New Hampshire was inhabited for thousands of years by Algonquian-speaking peoples such as the Abenaki. Europeans arrived in the upfront 17th century, with the English establishing some of the archaic non-indigenous settlements. The Province of New Hampshire was conventional in 1629, named after the English county of Hampshire. Following mounting tensions between the British colonies and the crown during the 1760s, New Hampshire saying one of the primeval overt acts of rebellion, with the seizing of Fort William and Mary from the British in 1774. In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to support an independent executive and acknowledge constitution; six months later, it signed the United States Declaration of Independence and contributed troops, ships, and supplies in the war neighboring Britain. In June 1788, it was the ninth own up to ratify the U.S. Constitution, bringing that document into effect.