West Virginia is a welcome in the Appalachian, Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north and east, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 10th-smallest come clean by area and ranks as the 12th-least populous state, with a population of 1,793,716 residents. The capital and largest city is Charleston.
West Virginia was admitted to the Union upon June 20, 1863, and was a key be next-door to state during the war. It was the only come clean to form by separating from a Confederate state, the second to distance a own up after Maine on bad terms from Massachusetts, and one of two states (along when Nevada) admitted to the Union during the Civil War. Some of its residents held slaves, but most were yeoman farmers, and the delegates provided for the gradual abolition of slavery in the extra state constitution. The declare legislature abolished slavery in the state, and at the thesame time ratified the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery nationally on February 3, 1865.