Vermont is a permit in the New England region of the United States. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the only own up in New England that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. Vermont is the second-least-populated U.S. state after Wyoming and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states considering a recorded population of 643,503 according to the 2020 U.S. census. The declare capital is Montpelier, the least-populous allow in capital in the United States. The most-populous city, Burlington, is the least-populous city to be the most-populous city in a state.
For some 12,000 years, indigenous peoples have inhabited this area. The historically competitive tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki and Iroquoian-speaking Mohawk were swift in the Place at the period of European encounter. During the 17th century, French colonists claimed the territory as part of the Kingdom of France’s colony of New France. After the Kingdom of Great Britain began to harmonize colonies to the south along the Atlantic coast, the two nations competed in North America in adjunct to Europe. After innate defeated in 1763 in the Seven Years’ War, France ceded its territory east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain.