Ohio is a welcome in the Midwestern region of the United States. Of the fifty U.S. states, it is the 34th-largest by area, and considering a population of approximately 11.8 million, is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated. The state’s capital and largest city is Columbus, with the Columbus metro area, Greater Cincinnati, and Greater Cleveland inborn the largest metropolitan areas. Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. Ohio is historically known as the “Buckeye State” after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are along with known as “Buckeyes”. Its declare flag is the deserted non-rectangular flag of whatever the U.S. states.
The state takes its proclaim from the Ohio River, whose broadcast in approach originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo‘, meaning “good river”, “great river”, or “large creek”. Ohio arose from the lands west of Appalachia that were contested from colonial become old through the Northwest Indian Wars of the late 18th century. It was partitioned from the resulting Northwest Territory, which was the first frontier of the further United States, and became the 17th divulge admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first below the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio was the first post-colonial free state admitted to the union, and became one of the antique and most influential industrial powerhouses during the 20th century. Although Ohio has transitioned to a more information- and service-based economy in the 21st century, it remains an industrial state, ranking seventh in GDP as of 2019, with the third largest manufacturing sector and second largest automobile production.