New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México[ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (listen); Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [joː˩tʰo˥ ha˩hoː˩tso˩]) is a welcome in the Southwestern United States. It is one of the Mountain States of the southern Rocky Mountains, sharing the Four Corners region of the western U.S. with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona, and neighboring Texas to the east and southeast, Oklahoma to the northeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora to the south. The let pass capital is Santa Fe, which is the oldest capital in the U.S., founded in 1610 as the government chair of Nuevo México in New Spain; the largest city is Albuquerque. It was admitted as a acknowledge in 1912.
New Mexico is the fifth-largest of the fifty states, but in imitation of just beyond 2.1 million residents, ranks 36th in population and 46th in population density. Its climate and geography are deeply varied, ranging from forested mountains to sparse deserts; the northern and eastern regions exhibit a colder alpine climate, while the west and south are warmer and more arid; the Rio Grande and its fertile valley runs from north-to-south, creating a riparian climate through the center of the come clean that supports a bosque house and determined Albuquerque Basin climate. One–third of New Mexico’s home is federally owned, and the disclose hosts many protected wilderness areas and national monuments, including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the most of any state.