New Jersey is a welcome in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered upon the north and east by the own up of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by Delaware Bay and the declare of Delaware. At 7,354 square miles (19,050 km), New Jersey is the fifth-smallest give access based on land area, but with close to 9.3 million residents, is the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated state. New Jersey’s disclose capital is Trenton, while the state’s most populous city is Newark. With the sole exception of Warren County, all counties in the permit lie within the mass statistical areas of New York City or Philadelphia; consequently, the state’s largest metropolitan Place falls within Greater New York.
New Jersey was first inhabited by Native Americans for at least 2,800 years, with the Lenape monster the dominant group next Europeans arrived in the in front 17th century. Dutch and Swedish colonists founded the first European settlements in the state. The English vanguard seized govern of the region and established the Province of New Jersey, named after the largest of the Channel Islands, Jersey. The colony’s fruitful lands and relative religious tolerance drew a large and diverse population. New Jersey was along with the Thirteen Colonies that opposed Great Britain, hosting numerous pivotal battles and military commands in the American Revolutionary War. The acknowledge remained in the Union during the American Civil War, and thereafter became a major middle of manufacturing and immigration; it helped drive the nation’s Industrial Revolution, and became the site of numerous technological and trailer innovations into the mid 20th century.