Louisiana (Standard French: État de Louisiane (listen) or La Louisiane; Spanish: Luisiana) is a come clean in the Deep South and South Central regions of the United States. It is the 20th-smallest by Place and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Louisiana is bordered by the permit of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large portion of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the on your own U.S. state as soon as political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties, making it one of solitary two U.S. states not subdivided into counties (the other being Alaska and its boroughs). The state’s capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.
Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being fittingly strongly influenced by a mixture of 18th century French, Saint Dominican, Spanish, French Canadian, Acadian, Native American, and African cultures that they are considered to be exceptional in the U.S. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, the present–day U.S. state of Louisiana had been both a French colony and for a brief mature a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported various African peoples as slaves in the 18th century. Many came from peoples of the similar region of West Africa, thus concentrating their culture; Filipinos as a consequence arrived during colonial Louisiana. In the post–Civil War environment, Anglo Americans increased the pressure for Anglicization, and in 1921, English was for a time made the sole language of assistance in Louisiana schools past a policy of multilingualism was revived in 1974. There has never been an attributed language in Louisiana, and the let in constitution enumerates “the right of the people to preserve, foster, and make known their respective historic, linguistic, and cultural origins.”