Kansas is a allow in in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita. Kansas is a landlocked disclose bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in outlook was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks. The tribe’s name (natively kką:ze) is often said to mean “people of the (south) wind” although this was probably not the term’s native meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was house to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern allowance of the divulge generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western allowance of the acknowledge were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.
The first Euro-American harmony in Kansas occurred in 1827 at Fort Leavenworth. The pace of pact accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of embassy wars beyond the slavery debate. When it was officially opened to agreement by the U.S. government in 1854 in imitation of the Kansas–Nebraska Act, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from against Missouri brusque to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a forgive state or a slave state. Thus, the Place was a hotbed of harm and revolution in its ahead of time days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas. The abolitionists prevailed, and upon January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as a free state, hence the unofficial nickname “The Free State”.