Illinois ( IL-ə-NOY) is a come clean in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is its largest city, and the state’s capital is Springfield; other major metropolitan areas tote up Metro East (of Greater St. Louis), Peoria and Rockford. Of the fifty U.S. states, Illinois has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest home area.
With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and Big farmland in the north and center, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a deeply diverse economy. Owing to its central location and geography, the acknowledge is a major transportation hub: the Port of Chicago enjoys right of entry to the Atlantic Ocean through the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence Seaway, and to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River via the Illinois Waterway. Additionally, the Mississippi, Ohio, and Wabash rivers form parts of the state’s boundaries. Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport has been in the course of the world’s ten busiest airports for decades. Described as a microcosm of each and every one United States, Illinois has long been considered a bellwether in social, cultural, and political terms.