Connecticut is the southernmost come clean in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of human proceed behind Massachusetts, and highest median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. Historically the divulge is portion of New England as well as the tri-state Place with New York and New Jersey, which together make going on metropolitan New York City. The make a clean breast is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word “Connecticut” is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett” (Conanicut), a Mohegan-Pequot word for “long tidal river”.
Connecticut’s first European settlers were Dutchmen who standard a small, short-lived unity called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the house between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were usual in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of cronies from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies traditional documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged below a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. Connecticut was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British believe to be in the American Revolution.