Arizona ( ARR-ih-ZOH-nə; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo Navajo pronunciation: [hoː˥z̥to˩ ha˩hoː˩tso˩];O’odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a allow in in the Western United States, grouped in the Southwestern and occasionally Mountain subregions. It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region later Utah to the north, Colorado to the northeast, and New Mexico to the east; its other next to states are Nevada to the northwest and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
Arizona is the 48th make a clean breast and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood upon February 14, 1912. Historically allowance of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became allocation of independent Mexico in 1821. After beast defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost part of the let pass was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.